Arthritis Information

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Aug 8, 2018

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Arthritis Information

Introduction

Arthritis is a medical condition causing pain and inflammation in a joint or in many joints.  It is a common medical condition.

Arthritis Symptoms

Arthritis symptoms include pain and inflammation in a joint or in many joints, and will depend on the type of arthritis as discussed below.

History examination and investigation to establish the diagnosis if there is pain and inflammation in a joint or in many joints, with erythematous (red) warm joint, range of movement is limited.

Types of arthritis

There are different types of arthritis:

  • Osteoarthritis is common.
  • Rheumatoid arthritis is rare.
  • Secondary arthritis follows an injury to a joint.
  • cervical spondylosis degenerative arthritis is the neck
  • Ankylosing spondylitis affects sacro iliac joints and parts of the body.
  • Gout (known as podagra) can affect any joint but usually the big toe.
  • Systemic lupus (known as an autoimmune condition).
  • Psoriatic arthropathy inflammation associated with the skin condition psoriasis.
  • Reactive arthritis following an infection.
  • Enteropathic associated with the bowel including inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), Crohn’s and ulcerative colitis.
  • Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (known as Still’s disease)

What Causes Arthritis?

The cause depends on the type of arthritis:
Osteoarthritis affects the joint lining, with stiffness and pain. Then with progression, tendons and ligaments affected by the process. Then bone rubs against bone with deformity and severe pain especially hands, hips spine.

How do you Know if You Have Rheumatoid Arthritis?

If you have symptoms and complain about your joints being painful and stiff, then see your GP.

Your GP will carry out history, examination and investigation.

Rheumatoid Arthritis

The symptoms patient complain about are principally in the joints as pain and stiffness, worse in the morning.

Read more about Rheumatoid Arthritis

Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis affects the joint lining, with stiffness and pain. Then with progression, tendons and ligaments affected by the process. Then bone rubs against bone with deformity and severe pain especially hands, hips spine.

Rheumatoid arthritis is a different condition from osteoarthritis. The rheumatoid arthritis process is the immune system within your body reacts with joints so that pain occurs. Firstly the synovial covering causing bone and cartilage damage, then possibly the body organs.

Learn more about Osteoarthritis

How to Avoid Arthritis

Prevention is better than cure is a well known saying.  There are various risk factors advised:

  • Osteoarthritis – ensure regular exercise to control a healthy weight
  • Rheumatoid arthritis – DON’T smoke
  • Gout – diet low in uric acid, purines.
  • Eat fish rich in omega-3 fatty acids, a healthy polyunsaturated fat.

What Causes Arthritis Flare Ups?

Please read above regarding osteoarthritis OA and rheumatoid arthritis RA. OA can flare up following trauma or injury. whereas rheumatoid arthritis RA is a different process involving the body immune system to cause fare up.

Arthritis Treatment

If you have symptoms and complain about your joints being painful and stiff, then see your  GP.

Your GP will carry out history, examination and investigation.

Treatment then may include:
medicine and tablet
physiotherapy
injections including steroids
sometimes surgical operation.

Arthritis Prognosis

The prognosis (outlook) for arthritis patients varies with the different types of arthritis.

The best prognosis (outcomes) is generally in patients who co-operate with their doctor and medical teams, with their treatment plan, and risk their risk factors as much as possible.

How do I know if I have Arthritis?

If you or you think you suffer from arthritis, call Doctor Martin on 020 8209 2401 to make an appointment.

Doctor Harris is available Mondays to Fridays from 9am to 6pm.